FAQs on Patents

How a Patent Specification is Prepared?

A patent specification can be prepared by the applicant himself or his registered and authorized agent. The patent specification generally comprises of the title of the invention indicating its technical field, prior art, draw backs in the prior art, the solution provided by the inventor to obviate the drawbacks of the prior art, a concise but sufficient description of the invention and its usefulness, drawings (if Any) and details of best method of its working.

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What are the Grounds for Filing Representation for Pre-grant Opposition?

The grounds for filing post-grant opposition are contained in section 25(1) of the Patents Act 1970

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What are obligations of the patentee after the grant of patent?

पेटेन्ट मिलने के बाद हर पेटेन्ट करानेवाले को प्रत्येक वर्ष अनुसूची  I में निर्धारित नवीकरण शुल्क अदा करके पेटेन्ट कायम रखना होता है। पहले दो वर्ष तक कोई नवीकरण शुल्क नहीं होता। नवीकरण शुल्क तीसरे वर्ष और उसके पश्चात् देय होता है। नवीकरण शुल्क अदा नहीं करने पर पेटेन्ट स्थगित हो जाएगा।

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What is a Provisional Specification?

Indian Patent Law follows first to file system.  Provisional specification describes the nature of the invention to   have the priority date of filing of the application in which the inventive idea has been disclosed. It must be followed by a complete specification describing the details of the invention along with a statement of claims within 12 months after filing of the provisional application.  If the complete specification is not filed within the prescribed period, the application is treated as deemed to have been abandoned

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Is it Possible to File Pre-grant Opposition Even Though There is no Request for Examination Filed?

Yes, it is possible to file representation for pre-grant opposition even though there is no request for examination has been filed. However, the representation will be considered only when a request for examination is received within the prescribed period.

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Can the patentee pay renewal fee at a time or has to pay every year?

The patentee has choice to pay the renewal fees every year or he can pay in lump sum as well.

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Is it Necessary to file a Provisional Application?

Generally, an application filed with provisional specification is known as provisional application which is useful in establishing a priority date for your invention.  Moreover, filing of a provisional application is useful as it gives sufficient time to the applicant to assess and evaluate the market potential of his invention before filing complete specification.  However, it is not necessary to file an application with provisional specification and one can file application directly with complete specification.

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What is the Time Limit for Filing Post-grant Opposition in the Patent Office?

The time for filing post-grant opposition is 12 months from the date of publication of the grant of patent in the official journal of the patent office.

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When a patent can be restored after its cessation?

Patents can be restored within 18 months of cessation. You will have to apply and pay the necessary Fees etc.

 

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Does the Patent Office Keep Information of the Invention Secret?

Yes.  All the patent applications are kept secret upto 18 months from the date of filing or priority date whichever is earlier and thereafter they are published in the Official Journal of the Patent Office which is published every week and also available on the IPO website.  After its publication, public can inspect the documents and also may take the photocopy thereof on payment of the fee as prescribed.

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Is There any Fee for Filing Post-grant Opposition?

The post grant opposition has to be filed in the prescribed form 7 along with prescribed fees of Rs.1500 for natural person and Rs.6000 for person other than natural person. The post grant opposition has to be filed by the person interested and not by any other person.

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What is meant by patent agent and what are the eligibility criteria of becoming a patent agent?

पेटेन्ट एजेन्ट भारतीय पेटेन्ट कार्यालय में पंजीकृत व्यक्ति होता है, और पेटेन्ट कार्यालय द्वारा आयोजित परीक्षा उत्तीर्ण करने के बाद उसका नाम पेटेन्ट एजेन्ट रजिस्टर में दर्ज़ किया जाता है। वह निम्नलिखित के लिए पात्र होता है—


(a) नियंत्रक के यहाँ प्रैक्टिस करना और


(b)सभी दस्तावेज दैयार करना, समस्त कार्य एवं ऐसे प्रकार्य निष्पादित करना जो  इस अधिनियम के अंतर्गत कंट्रोलर के यहाँ जारी प्रक्रिया के संबंध में निर्दिष्ट हों।


पेटेन्ट एजेन्ट के रूप में पंजीकरण की पात्रता शर्तें इस प्रकार हैं.-

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When is an Application for Patent Published?

Every application for patent is published after 18 months from the date of its filing or priority date whichever is earlier. However, following applications are not published.

A)    Application in which secrecy direction is imposed

B)    Application which has been abandoned u/s 9(1) and

C)    Application which has been withdrawn 3 months prior to 18 months

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What are the Grounds for Filing the Post-grant Opposition?

The grounds for filing post-grant opposition are contained in section 25(2) of the Patents Act 1970.

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Is it necessary to engage a registered patent agent for filing an application for patent?

नहीं। पेटेन्ट कानून के अंतर्गत पेटेन्ट के लिए आवेदन करने के लिए किसी पंजीकृत पेटेन्ट एजेन्ट की सेवाएँ लेना आवश्यक नहीं है। आवेदक अपने-आप या पेटेन्ट एजेन्ट के माध्यम से आवेदन जमा करने के लिए स्वतंत्र है। किन्तु यदि कोई आवेदक भारत का नागरिक न हो तो उसे या तो पंजीकृत एजेन्ट के माध्यम से आवेदन जमा करना होता है या उसे तामील के लिए भारत का कोई पता देना होता है।

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Is there any Provision in the Law for Early Publication?

Yes, the applicant can make a request for early publication in Form 9 along with the prescribed fee.  After receiving such request the Patent Office publishes such application within a period of one month provided the invention contained thereon does not relate to atomic energy or defence purpose.

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Is it Necessary to go to the Indian Patent Office to Transact any Business Relating to Patent Application?

No, normally all the communications with the office are done through written correspondence. However, interviews relating to patent application can be had with examiners with prior appointment on any working day during prosecution stage.

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What is a Patent?

A Patent is a statutory right for an invention granted for a limited period of time to the patentee by the Government, in exchange of full disclosure of his invention for excluding others, from making, using, selling, importing the patented product or process for producing that product for those purposes without his consent.

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Once Filed is the Patent Application Examined Automatically?

The patent application is not examined automatically after its filing.  The examination is done only after receipt of the request of examination either from the applicant or from third party.

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Where the Information Relating to Patent Application is Notified?

The information relating to the patent application is published in the Patent office Journal issued on every Friday. This is also available in electronic form on the website of the Patent Office.

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Does the patent office ascertain fees charged by the patent agents for their services?

नहीं। यह आवेदक और पेटेन्ट एजेन्ट के बीच का मामला है। पेटेन्ट एजेन्ट जो शुल्क लेता है उसका पता लगाने में या उसमें मदद करने में पेटेन्ट कार्यालय की कोई भूमिका नहीं है।.

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Does Indian Patent give Protection Worldwide?

Patent protection is territorial right and therefore it is effective only within the territory of India. However, filing an application in India enables the applicant to file a corresponding application for same invention in convention countries, within or before expiry of twelve months from the filing date in India. Therefore, separate patents should be obtained in each country where the applicant requires protection of his invention in those countries. There is no patent valid worldwide.

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When the Request for Examination can be Filed?

The request for examination can be filed within a period of 48 months from the date of priority or date of filing of the application whichever is earlier.  For more details kindly refer to rule 24B of the Patents Rules 2003 as amended upto 2006.

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What are the Contents of the Patent Office Journal?

The Patent office Journal contains information relating to patent applications which are published u/s 11A,  post grant publication, restoration of patent, notifications , indexes, list of non-working patents and notices Issued by the Patent Office relating to Patents, etc.

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